A criminal law which is also called penal code is a legal process that ensures offenders are punished for their actions and promote the unity, security, and peaceful coexistence in our country. A criminal lawyer is a lawyer that concerns himself and specializes in criminal law.
Every country has its own version of criminal law and various offenses that are classified and listed with it. The severity of punishment meted out on an offense is a function of the weight of the offense in the penal code of the country. For instance, the punishment for one that steals will be very different from that of the one that kills.
There are a variety of punishable crimes in different countries. However, some of the general offenses that could be found in the penal code of any country including but not limited to rape, murder, robbery, larceny, kidnapping, human trafficking, drug trafficking and a host of others. None of the mentioned could be perceived as legal in any country of the world rather than be subjected to varying degrees of punishment.
Interestingly, as criminal offenses vary in different countries so also the punishment. For the same crime, different country has different punishment for it. However, the most common ones are fine, imprisonment and death. A fine maybe a certain amount of money paid to the federal government for committing a crime. It also varies with the severity of the crime committed.
Another one, which of course is the most common is imprisonment- putting an offender in a confinement house called prison for a certain period of time which is determined by the weight of his sins.
Another punishment is death which although is very rare and is always the last resort. Some people even lawyers near me do say death is the mildest penalty but most if not all penal codes are the punishment for murder.
Another interesting aspect of the criminal law is its leniency for an alibi. Alibi is legal excuses that are tenable at any law court to excuse an offender from punishment. Examples of alibi in criminal law are duress and insanity.
Duress is when you are being severely coerced to commit a crime. In as much as it is not intentional to commit the crime and if you don't you may lose your life, this could be satisfiable to be exempted from punishment. Also, insanity is when a crime is committed by someone who has lost his sense of reasoning and this is medically ascertained so. The must not have any knowledge of what he does at that point; that is, totally insane. In this two cases, the offenders may be relieved of their criminal charges.
It is also imperative to say here at this juncture that jungle justice is completely frowned upon by criminal law. Jungle justice is an act of negligence of law it means you are taking laws into your own hands. It's punishment of offenders not by a law court but by people.
Criminal attorney in San Francisco is also good to search term you can use if you like to look for good lawyers go to Selectedly for more info